The ITV (Inspección Técnica de Vehículos) is the roadworthiness test of a motor vehicle in Spain. It is the equivalent of an MOT in the UK.
ITV tests are compulsory and may only be undertaken at an authorised inspection centre. The aim of the test is to reduce the risk of accidents, to contribute to greater road safety and better quality of the environment. It is illegal to drive a car that does not have a current ITV certificate. The price of the ITV test varies between provinces and according to the size of the vehicle.
New cars are first tested after four years and must be inspected and tested every two years thereafter until the age of 10.
Any car over 10 years of age must be tested annually.
Motorcycles and quads are first tested after four years, after which the test is due every two years.
Mopeds are first tested after three years, after which they must be tested every two years.
Caravans are first tested at six years, after which the test is due every two years.
The ITV Test
It is usually necessary to make an appointment for the test date. You can do this in person, by telephone, or by making an appointment on line.
Find an authorised testing centre on the website of the DGT (Dirección General de Tráfico): Click here and then select a province
The vehicle's registration document (permiso de circulación), technical papers (ficha technico) and proof of valid motor insurance must be taken to the testing centre.
Motor Insurance Policy The requirement to show a valid motor insurance policy is now particularly important following the introduction of new regulations that have come into force across the country for vehicles being taken for their ITV. Vehicle owners will now have to present car insurance certificates before the test is undertaken. Anyone unable to present such documentation will find that their vehicle does not pass the test. The new regulation – Article 78.2 of the consolidated text of the Law on Traffic, Motor Vehicle Traffic and Road Safety – was approved by congress & Royal Decree in 2015.
What is Tested? Vehicles are tested to ensure the following parts are in proper working order:
Cars will also be checked for the condition of the bodywork and mirrors, windscreen and wipers; for example, if a door cannot open it may be considered a safety violation.
When the tests are complete, a document is issued detailing the Infracciones Graves & Infracciones Leves. Any fault listed in the section Infracciones Graves (serious fault) must be repaired before an ITV can be issued.
Faults listed in Infracciones Leves are smaller faults, which will not necessitate a retest, but should be repaired promptly, as fines may be issued by the police if the problem is not resolved.
Failing the ITV Test
If a vehicle fails the test, the owner is issued with a document listing the faults. The repairs must be completed within two months of the test.
If the repaired vehicle is returned to the ITV centre within 15 days, the owner will normally receive a discount on the cost of the repeat test. Should the car not be retested during the two month period, notification will be sent to the Jefatura Provincial de Tráfico, and the car may be deregistered.
An ITV card details the results of each test undertaken, and a certificate is issued as proof of roadworthiness. The certificate must be displayed in the top right hand corner of the windscreen. It shows the month and year of the next test due.
In the case of motorbikes and mopeds, the certificate may be carried with the vehicle's paperwork.
Not displaying the ITV certificate, or driving without a valid ITV can incur severe fines.
Foreign Vehicles Vehicle roadworthiness is not transferable across EU countries. A car imported into Spain must pass the Spanish ITV test before it can be registered in Spain; similarly, the ITV of an an exported Spanish-registered car will not be valid in another country.
This information is given in good faith and is intended for general guidance and support only. Different rules may apply to different regions in Spain. Regulations change regularly and so, if in doubt, always consult a professional.
If you enjoyed this article, take a look at Barrie’s websites: http://barriemahoney.com and http://thecanaryislander.com or read his latest book, ‘Footprints in the Sand’ (ISBN: 9780995602717). Available in paperback, as well as Kindle editions.